Aphrodite was the Olympian Goddess of beauty, love, and desire in Greek Mythology. She was born on the island of Cyprus in a city called Phaphos - located on the southwest coast of Cyprus. The Greek Goddess Aphrodite The meaning of the name Aphrodite is said to be “arisen from the foam”, although there is some debate as to the origins of the word and Goddess herself. Currently, many scholars believe her to be a form of Ishtar, a Goddess imported from the Phoenicians in the guise of Astarte. Regardless of her origins, Aphrodite was soon adopted as one of the main Olympian Gods and Goddesses in Greek Mythology. She was famous for great feminine beauty and a constant smile, elegant jewellery and dress. Her beauty beguiled mortals and deities alike, and she was considered a goddess that was the most attractive of all in the Kingdom of Mount Olympus. The Birth of Aphrodite According to myth, she was born from sea-foam caused by the genitals of Uranus when they were thrown into the sea near Cythera’s coast. Kronos dismembered his own father and when throwing it into the sea, the foam it created was how Aphrodite was “formed”. According to Homer writing in the Iliad, however, Aphrodite was the daughter of Zeus and Dione. What powers and skills does she have? The Greek Goddess Aphrodite held the powers of fertility, pleasure and eternal youth, along with extraordinary beauty. Her beauty and sexuality were of such high regard that it could spark a war between the Gods and was even believed to have caused the Trojan War. Aphrodite sometimes used her powers to help the other Gods, and in particular Zeus. She and Eros, also known as Cupid, caused her father Zeus (according to Homer, Zeus gave birth to Aphrodite)
Aphrodite was the Olympian Goddess of beauty, love, and desire in Greek Mythology. She was born on the island of Cyprus in a city called Phaphos – located on the southwest coast of Cyprus.
Hera is the wife of Zeus, and the Greek Goddess of women, marriage, family and childbirth. Here we look at Hera in more detail and her role in Greek Mythology. The Greek Goddess Hera Hera was the Goddess of women, marriage, family and childbirth and was one of the Olympian Gods and Goddesses. She was the oldest daughter of Cronus (Kronos) and Rhea, but raised by the Titans Ocean and Tethys. Hera has a strange role in Greek Mythology. She is often portrayed as vengeful and jealous. It's perhaps not surprising given her husband's habit of having affair with numerous other deities and mortals! It is with some irony them that one of Hera's roles is the Goddess of marriage! Despite the affairs of Zeus, Hera remained faithful and was one of the few Gods or Goddesses in Greek mythology who was monogamous. Hera and the Peacock Hera is often depicted in a chariot drawn by peacocks. It is thought that the peacock was not known in Greece until the conquests of Alexander the Great, so it is likely that this was a more recent Hellenistic addition to her attributes. According to Greek Mythology, the beautiful symbols on the peacock’s feathers are actually the eyes of Argus, a watchman with 100 eyes recruited by Hera to watch over the Heifer. He was killed on duty by Hermes, so Hera placed his eyes on the peacock as a tribute for his work. Hera in Greek Mythology As the Queen of the Gods and Goddesses of Greek Mythology, Hera appears in many myths and legends. Perhaps her most well known appearances are to do with the Labours of Hercules. She was known to have hated the half man, half God hero because of the fact that Zeus had an affair with his
Hera is the wife of Zeus, and the Greek Goddess of women, marriage, family and childbirth. Here we look at Hera in more detail and her role in Greek Mythology.
Hermes is an interesting character from Greek Mythology, most commonly described as the messenger of the Gods. Depicted naked expect for a cloak and sometimes a hat, he is often shown sporting a beard and a staff with twin entwined snakes. Who was Hermes? Hermes was among the twelve Olympian Gods and considered the god of traders, travellers, and athletes. He was the child of Maia and Zeus and was thought of as the herald of the Gods. Hermes was cunning and quick, with the ability to move freely between the divine and mortal worlds. This ability made him an intercessor between the divine and mortals and also a messenger of luck to the gods. Some Greek myths also portray Hermes as a trickster type character, in some way similar to the Norse God Loki. Hermes in Greek Mythology If Greek Mythology were a play, Hermes could be classed as a minor recurring character. He plays minor roles in many myths, but perhaps the most well known are the Iliad and the Odyssey. In the Iliad he was described a bringer of good luck, and was firmly on the Greek side. He did, however, show the Trojans a sense of fair play when he protected Priam who ventured into the Greek camp to retrieve the body of his son Hector. Hermes plays a more prominent role in the Odyssey, as a distant protector to his grandson Odysseus. In addition to warning Odysseus of traps and helping him to escape, he also escorts the souls of the suitors that Odysseus kills down to Hades realm. What powers and skills does Hermes have? He possessed typical Olympian strengths along with other powers and abilities such as: He was very quick at running and flying at godly speeds than the other Olympian gods Had
Hermes is an interesting character from Greek Mythology, most commonly described as the messenger of the Gods. Depicted naked expect for a cloak and sometimes a hat, he is often shown sporting a beard and a staff with twin entwined snakes.
The God Apollo from Greek Mythology is often referred to as the God of many things. Here's some information about him, and where you can find ancient Greek temples dedicated in his honour in Greece. The Greek God Apollo Apollo was the son of Zeus and the Titan Leto, and was thought to have been born on the Greek island of Delos. His siblings were Artemis (his elder twin sister and goddess of the hunt) and Hermes – his half-brother. Apollo was born as a typical Olympian god, having all the superhuman attributes – functional immortality, vitality, and physical properties. He was immune to injury and could not be plagued with earthy diseases. Even when he sustains an injury, it healed at a supernatural speed. In fact, Apollo’s strength was notable among average Olympia gods. He could lift as large as 40 tons weight. He fathered many children including Asclepius and Aristaeus. Fondly dubbed God of many things,’ Apollo was the God of sun, prophecy, poetry, archery, healing, arts and music. He is most commonly depicted as a handsome youth, beardless, and sometimes with a golden lyre in hand. Apollo in Greek Mythology Apollo killing Python. A 1581 engraving by Virgil Solis for Ovid's Metamorphoses, Book I. By Scan by Hans-Jürgen Günther - http://www.latein-pagina.de/ovid_illustrationen/virgil_solis/buch1/vs1_9.htm (see main page), Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1176492 The most famous Greek myth concerning Apollo, is to do with the slaying of the Python. At only four years of age, and armed with a silver bow and golden arrows given to him by Hephaestus, Apollo decided to kill the Python that lived on Mount Parnassus. Apollo eventually killed the python, and buried it under the slopes of the mountains. Zeus however decided that Apollo had committed a crime, and told Apollo to atone for it. Apollo created the
The God Apollo from Greek Mythology is often referred to as the God of many things. Here’s some information about him, and where you can find ancient Greek temples dedicated in his honour in Greece.
The Greek God Hephaestus is often considered a minor God in Greek Mythology, but that is far from the truth as Percy Jackson fans will know! Here's more about him. Hephaestus The ancient Greek god of fire, blacksmiths, metalworking, stone masonry, forges, carpenters and volcanoes, Hephaestus is one of the Olympian Gods. His mother was Hera, and Greek mythology is unclear whether Zeus was his father, or whether he did not have a father at all. According to some Greek mythology, Hephaestus was cast out from heaven by his mother due to being crippled. The popular image of him is being lame in some way. Depicted as a middle aged man with beard, short sleeveless tunic and a round close-fitting cap, Hephaestus is credited with having created the Gods fabulous equipment, weapons and armour. He is also believed to have invented the first machines and automatons. (Image By Anthony van Dyck - Kunsthistorisches Museum Wien, Bilddatenbank., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=5266342) What powers and skills does he have? Greek myths and poetry claim that Hephaestus had the power to produce motion in statues and objects. At the entrance of the Alkinoos palace, he made lions and dogs of gold and silver which could bite invaders. Another power Hephaestus had was fire because he was known as the god of fire or god of Volcanoes. He had the special ability to withstand any kind of heat and could never get burned. It is said he could turn into fire at any moment. However, his main power is believed to be as a blacksmith. which was his regular job and worked with his hands. His workshops were often considered to be volcanoes, and he created weapons and equipment for the Gods of Olympus. The Children of Hephaestus Hephaestus’ consort was Aphrodite according to most versions
The Greek God Hephaestus is often considered a minor God in Greek Mythology, but that is far from the truth as Percy Jackson fans will know! Here’s more about him.
Hades is considered the darkest God in Greek Mythology. Ruling the Underworld, he is the brother of both Zeus and Poseidon, making him one of the 'Big Three' Greek gods. Greek mythology is full of incredibly interesting characters that have found their way into popular stores throughout the ages. Of these, Hades is one of the most complex and intriguing. The Greek God Hades Hades is one of the children born of the Titans who ruled over the world in the time when gods and other supernatural beings roamed the earth and the heavens. As one of the first generation of Gods, Hades had a number of siblings. His sisters were Hestia, Hera, and Demeter, while Poseidon and Zeus were his only brothers. His parents were Chronus and Rhea, the two ruling Titans. In the war that took place between the Titans and the younger gods, the younger generation of gods won, and the three brothers decided they should evenly divide the rule over the three realms of air, sea and underworld between themselves. Poseidon became the God of the seas, Zeus the God of the skies (and King of the Gods), and Hades became the God and ruler of the underworld. Hades - Lord of the Underworld As the God and ruler of the underworld, Hades had an important role to play in ancient Greek mythology and storytelling. He was the steward of all the souls that passed from the land of the living and into the underworld, where it is his responsibility to act as a warden for them. Even though it is popularly believed that Hades is a harsh steward of these souls, most mythology portrays him as a stern, disciplined, but ultimately a fair overseer of the underworld. Perhaps it is or own fear of passing from the
Hades is considered the darkest God in Greek Mythology. Ruling the Underworld, he is the brother of both Zeus and Poseidon, making him one of the ‘Big Three’ Greek gods.
Zeus was the King of all the Gods in Greek Mythology. With complete dominion over sky and thunder, he is a father figure to the extended families of Greek Gods. The Greek God Zeus In Greek mythology, Zeus is the King of the Gods, and the ruler of Olympus. In addition, he was also the main deity associated with justice, honour, thunder, lightning, air, weather and sky. Although he is the King of the Gods, Zeus is actually the youngest born son of the Titans Kronos and Rhea. He escaped the fate of being eaten by Kronos when he was hidden in a cave on Crete by his mother. Later, he freed his siblings from the belly of Kronos, and led them into battle against the Titans. Victorious, Zeus and his brothers then decided to divide up creation. Posideon took control of the sea, Hades took over the Underworld domain, while Zeus took to the sky. He was also given supreme authority over Mount Olympus and earth. Zeus in Greek Mythology In addition to the myth of how the Gods rose to Olympus, Zeus plays a central or pivatol role in many other Greek myths. In some cases, he is cited as the father of a hero such as Perseus or Herakles. For the most part though, the myths and stories about Zeus involved him seducing mortal women - much to the annoyance of his sister/wife Hera! The Children of Zeus Zeus was well known for his adulterous ways and had numerous offspring. One of them was the Goddess Athena who he had with his first wife, the titan Metis. Zeus swallowed Metis fearing a son that would usurp him but as he did Athena came to life through his head. She became his favourite child. Another famous child was Hercules,
Zeus was the King of all the Gods in Greek Mythology. With complete dominion over sky and thunder, he is a father figure to the extended families of Greek Gods.
In Greek Mythology, Athena was the Goddess of Wisdom and Strategy, and acted as a female counterpart to Ares in her role as Goddess of War. She was also a companion to heroes and the patron deity of Athens. The Greek Goddess Athena Athena was depicted as a beautiful, yet stern Goddess in Greek mythology. She could be best described as being calculating - weighing up all the options before making a decision. As such, Athena was revered for her wisdom and unmatched intelligence, especially when it came to matters of war or even peace. This was because unlike many of the other Gods, who were temperamental at the best of times, she made rational decisions and could also be a good broker of the peace. Her celestial duties were not just limited to strategy and wisdom however. Athena was also the Goddess for artisans and poetry, and is considered a civilising force. Often accompanied by an owl, which itself has become a symbol of wisdom, she was the favourite daughter of Zeus, but found herself drawn into rivalry with her Uncle who was Poseidon. By cgb.fr - http://vso.numishop.eu/fiche-v51_0137-vso_mo-1-ATTIQUE_ATHENES_Tetradrachme_c_410_AC_.html, CC BY-SA 3.0, Link Athena in Greek Mythology There are many myths and legends involving the Greek Goddess Athena. Two of the most well know ones are her birth (where she sprang full formed from the forehead of Zeus who had been complaining of a headache), and the story of how the city of Athens was named. Perhaps the story that best illustrates the wisdom of Athena, is given to us by Homer in The Odyssey. She often appears to the hero Odysseus and his son Telemachus in disguise or in visions. In doing so, she acts as a guide, helping point the characters in the right direction and offering advice.
In Greek Mythology, Athena was the Goddess of Wisdom and Strategy, and acted as a female counterpart to Ares in her role as Goddess of War. She was also a companion to heroes and the patron deity of Athens.
Poseidon was one of the most important Gods from Greek mythology, controlling the sea and earthquakes. Like many Gods Poseidon was worshipped but also slightly feared. The Greek God Poseidon Classed as one of the 'big three' Greek Gods (the other two being Zeus and Hades), Poseidon plays an important role in Greek mythology. Today, we mainly know him as the God of the Sea and also earthquakes, but his origins are thought to be slightly more complex than that. Originally, Poseidon may have been a Horse God, and indeed some cults particularly in the Peloponnese worshipped Poseidon in that form. Many Greek myths connect Poseidon with horses, and Pegasus, the most famous mythological horse creature was said to have been fathered by Poseidon. Over time, he became more strongly associated with the sea, with Homer's Odyssey perhaps cementing our vision of the Greek God Poseidon - Strong, temperamental, carrying a trident, and with the ability to summon storms at sea and cause earthquakes. Poseidon in Greek Mythology In addition to the story behind how the Greek Gods replaced the Titans, Poseidon features in many famous Greek myths and legends. One, concerns the foundation of Athens, and which God should become the city's patron and protector. Although Poseidon lost this competition against Athena to name the city of Athens, he remained the second most important deity worshipped in Athens. He was also the most prominent deity worshipped in Corinth and many other cities in Greece. Poseidon and Odysseus In Greek mythology, the Gods often held grudges against men. The most famous of these is Hera tormenting Herakles throughout his life, but perhaps the second best known is Poseidon's grudge against Odysseus. We learn of this grudge through Homer's two great works the Iliad and the Odyssey. Although we are never
Poseidon was one of the most important Gods from Greek mythology, controlling the sea and earthquakes. Like many Gods Poseidon was worshipped but also slightly feared.
Greek Mythology abounds with numerous Gods and Goddesses. Each of these had different powers and attributes, along with varying levels of importance. The 12 most significant Gods and Goddesses were known as the Olympians, and in this article, you'll find out more about them. The Olympian Gods and Goddesses Although today we describe the most significant Gods and Goddesses as numbering 12, there was in fact no definitive list. The reason for this, is that over the centuries some Gods and Goddesses rose in favour, whilst others were discarded. In addition, Hades is not technically defined as an Olympian God as he did not reside on Mount Olympus but instead lived in the Underworld. The result is that there were actually 13 'Main' Gods and Goddesses in Greek Mythology, but only ever 12 Olympians. Confused? Welcome to Greece! Who were the Olympian Gods? The Olympian gods and goddesses of Greek mythology were the principal deities of Ancient Greece, and each was thought to have a home on Mount Olympus. The Gods and Goddesses were a family, with the core being brothers and sisters, and the rest being their first born offspring. The Olympians acquired their authority after a war of the gods of Greece where Zeus is credited with leadership and the eventual victory. He had led his siblings to triumph over the last generation of the ruling clan of deities known as the Titans. Zeus gained his victory by overthrowing his own father, Cronus, who was the king of the Titans. He, therefore, became the chief deity in a new group of deities comprising primarily of his siblings and children. The Gods of Greek Mythology Here, we list the main Gods and Goddesses of Greek Mythology, along with their attributes. The list is in no particular order, although Hestia, Dionysus
Greek Mythology abounds with numerous Gods and Goddesses. Each of these had different powers and attributes, along with varying levels of importance. The 12 most significant Gods and Goddesses were known as the Olympians, and in this article, you’ll find out more about them.