Ancient Greece is considered to be the birthplace of western civilization. However, since this period of antiquity, so many years have been passed, documents have been lost and different stories cross each other. Here are 5 mysteries of ancient Greece that trigger off our interest still today.
The Constitution of Athens
The authorship of the creation of the Athenians Constitution is debated in modern years. There are two different ancient Greek documents claiming the authenticity of the Constitution of Athens. The first one, and the older of the two is said to belong to Xenophon -the ancient Greek philosopher, and student of Socrates. However, nowadays, is regarded as not an actual work of his own, as it is dated before the years of his mature writing career. So, the author that hasn’t been identified till today, is often described as ‘Pseudo-Xenophon’.
The second document is considered to have been written by Aristotle - the ancient Greek philosopher of the classical period, and student of Plato. Although the style of the writing is very different from his other work, something that makes sense, thinking of the different form of writing that the Constitution had to have, the prevailing opinion about the origins of this document is that Aristotle was the author.
Marble Columns of Academy of Athens - credits: araelf/depositphotos
The disappearance of the Statue of Zeus
The Statue of Zeus was housed in the Temple of Zeus at Olympia, Peloponnese. It was created by Phidias, one of the most renowned sculptors of ancient Greece, and it was a huge, chryselephantine sculpture, ornamented with ivory, gold, and precious stones, which depicted the God Zeus, sitting on a wooden throne. As for its loss, there are different versions, none of them approved. The one says that the temple in Olympia was destroyed by fire, and so, this was the ending of the Statue of Zeus. The other one says that it was removed from there and moved to another place, where it was lost or destroyed. No one knows what indeed happened to one of the 7 wonders of the Ancient World, only that the statue was lost and destroyed during the 5th century AD.