An ancient civilization and trading center, situated on a hill and covered with the fertile soil of the Argolic Plain, is today one of the most visited places in Greece. Mycenae is associated with many legendary kings, heroes, and people who wrote their own history. Let us explore the land of the Mycenaeans, who once ruled not only the Peloponnese.
A wealthy and strong Bronze Age citadel with an ancient culture that stands till today in the Peloponnese. The Mycenaean civilization spread across the Mediterranean and inspired poets, writers, and artists for centuries.
Nowadays, Mycenae is an exceptional archaeological site that gives its visitors the opportunity to explore and understand the once-dominant city. The Archaeological Museum of Mycenae gives you a glimpse into this glorious past.
Let's explore together the numerous cultural shades of this dominant civilization and realize how Mycenae changed the course of Greek history.
Ornament from Mycenae- credits: S_Kohl/depositphotos
Mycenaean Civilization - Historical Background
Mycenae was founded in the middle of two hills and was able to control both land and sea. The first occupation of this location was in the Neolithic period (7th millennium BC). The site's peak was during the Late Bronze Age (1350-1200 BC) when the Mycenaeans were the great civilization we know today. Most of the remains that we see today on the site are from that period.
In the 2nd millennium BC, a small settlement was visible on the site and the cemetery. It was not earlier than 1700 BC when the first families of rulers and aristocrats of that time appeared in the Mycenae. During the 15th century, BC Mycenaeans managed to establish a Mycenaean dynasty on Crete, under the Minoan culture. Mycenaeans and Minoans had peaceful contact.