Eris, the Greek goddess of strife and discord, occupies a special place in mythology. She is often associated with chaos and is a powerful figure known for her ability to cause conflict and upheaval. In this blog post, we will take a deeper look into the power of Eris and the importance of the goddess in Greek mythology.
We will also explore the most famous representation of Eris in art, her legacy in modern times and the connection between the goddess and several archeological sites in Greece. Without further ado, let’s read up on everything you need to know about the Greek goddess of chaos and strife.
Eris in Greek Mythology
Eris depicted on an Attic black-figure kylix - Credits: Berlin Antikensammlung/ World History Encyclopedia
As the personification of strife, Eris represents the darker aspects of human nature and interactions. Despite her negative attributes, the stories and myths surrounding Eris reveal the importance of understanding the complexities of human relationships and the role of discord in shaping history.
One of the most well-known tales involving Eris is her part in instigating the Trojan War. Stemming from a slight she experienced by not being invited to the marriage of Peleus and Thetis, Eris retaliated by tossing a golden apple inscribed with the words "For the fairest" among the wedding guests.
This action led to a competition between three goddesses- Hera, Athena, and Aphrodite- and ultimately paved the way for the war between the Greeks and the Trojans. Through such stories, Eris's influence in Greek mythology highlights the power of strife and the consequences of allowing unmanaged competition and conflict to take control.
Eris and the Golden Apple of Discord
Apple of Discord - Credits: Zimogljad/ Canva
Eris, the Greek goddess of strife and discord, is known for her involvement in the Trojan War. She is considered the daughter of Nyx (Night) in some versions, while others refer to her as the sister of Ares and the daughter of Zeus and Hera.
As mentioned above, one of her most famous acts was at the wedding of Peleus and Thetis, where she was not invited. In retaliation, Eris threw a golden apple with the inscription "For the most beautiful one" among the guests. The outcome of this dispute was a chain of events that resulted in a long-lasting and devastating conflict, famously known as the Trojan War.