Athens was one of the most powerful and important city states in the ancient Greek world. Many people know that the city was named after the Goddess Athena, but why exactly was that? It's time to find out.
Athens in Ancient Greece
Athens and the Acropolis - credits: Romas_Photo/Shutterstock.com
The country that we know as Greece today did not exist in the same form 2000 years ago. Instead, numerous city-states vied for power against each other. Whilst these city-states would combine forces when attacked by outsiders such as the Persians, for the most part, they were fiercely independent of one another. Thebes, Sparta, and Corinth were all big players, but Athens was considered to be one of the most important. The Acropolis offered an almost impregnable defense, and the surrounding lands were fertile. Nearby silver mines contributed to the city's wealth, and the port area provided trade links throughout the Mediterranean. Over many centuries, the residents of the city developed democracy and philosophy, art, and literature. Their legacy still lives on to this day, and it is through writers such as Herodotus, Apollodorus, and Ovid that we know how Athens was named.